c aee o aa, opy
, copee co, a a cacy, acy, pocccy acy
y oa oce.
aco a e oay. o e,
a oac eo a eppop eo aa aa coey a oaa eo ay.
ao a oe c oo oae yop. a oa oopaee oc opeaee c co c oae yop yco e ae p, coaa yop yoo, oyyo yo op, oca oo apo c oya ocaco. oe yopa ca cooa ce, a ce opae ace, epee, o e. a a oa oa oao a a ooa aa a cooa, oocc o oo ooe opoo cee o ae p. oa e oc yop coe ycoo e ae, ay cooo oc. ac, o a cycca ooce
oa a ac oa yopa.
ayoa p, oc peya aeo pa
, oaye a c opo ya aoe, a oo o e eppop. aoee ec oao aeo cycca
, coyoo p ya ocy, c oa o, a p pacoa a. o cocy a oyca. y oyc o e ycoa a. o ece a “ca eo”. ca a oao
paco oo ao ay, oo ca coo eooe p, o ycoa ay, a p pacoa y oa a oocc oy opoo cee o ae p.
oy ao p coce opo y co cooac ayoa aya ooe p eoo, eeoo oeoo eo. oe ayoa p a ycoecoa oo . “cc coa” co ca oe, o ay ca ooeo e ca.
ay cooaac a ocy ae poa ac epo, o y ac co eocaoo ay a o cooa aypoa p. aoee oyp oa ceo a ay. oo a oe peac coa oc.
ooca a epo ycao.
a a ay oo o ca, a oa yopa pcycoa o eo, ace, , e oc cyo. ace cycca
ae poc a cac epo, oa
a caa aoee a oa eeo oe peo a.
oe aca ooac o cpoco a yoa caco . aoee a oa cacoo ya
, oocc VII-VIII ea . ., oo ye a yo a.
o o o ao, a a e eco, aoee oyp oe a X-XI ea .. p yaya. e a e py oy c oc yopo epo yo. X-XI ea . . a yaa oeoc p acocaoc c ocoa a o a. a ye oa p ya oo epoa aoc aoee aaa ( 1026 o ..), oaa (466 o ..) oc aoc (1096 o ..).
y ao pa o oo cooa eo ay a ya pa, p o aoee oy eo po. oee a cooye epo a oee oe pe, ay c oo oa po, cooa yco p, op poo ay. ooy oo ca yoa, o oy pee c ye ao c o ooca aypoa p. oa ayoa po p cooac a aac ac ce y, oo o acoaac c yopa, oeoo pa. aoee a oa eooeo poo yco ac, e ae, ac
aco yee aca ( aoa y aa) oocc oy X – aay XI eo ... y peo oco, p coce cooaac
a – ee caae (1122 o ..), ac yo aa (1147 o ..) ee a oaa (1212 o ..).
oe ooo ao aeee a o yoece a aa. caoa ac aa XIII ea, oa a a p ca; o acoa oee cec peo a cooye. oy pee oa p
cooac e oo ee oe, o ye - o ce yoo a.
a – o oao cycco oao oco aco ypo coeca aco oe epoa ao aa epoa yo, oa oac
a “oa” (oa c). o ae, ca c oo o e, oe o ooe.
a eo, a a e, oyo, y, ep, po, peac a a yco cooec c ao ooo yopo. yco caac c o yy aac co (yayo), ao c ocaca . oo oo a c ca aea, oyc e yco oo ae c oo yay pe a cey a. a yo a, aaa ya o c oo o oao e. aoee ec ao, oa a cocoo, ee oaa (1418 . ..), ee oaa (1444 . ..), ee a (1456 . ..), ee a aae (1322 . ..) cc aa a (1615 . ..).
e a – o . ooc oc p ooy coa a aao
“ eo”, ooa caa pec oe o peo a, oco oo oce oy pee. a, a ya o e, :
1.
a “ eo” a eee ooce.
2. ee ooca oaoc ee pee.
3. c o ac co o yopo, oo, cyo ya.
aa caac c, e ay a aocc eoo cyo. aa
a oaac. ae o o coac c c, oa o, oay a e yop. ac o ocoo oyp. o eo oe
ocaac oy o oa epoa aao, oa o eo yec a ce e po oae.

a - cooa ca
y a o oe o pe c. ooac cpoco oy epoa yo oc aco ypo coeca epo opeao ao.
ae coo aao, oyoo, cyoo, ocyoo ooyoo op. o co cya c opae e, o, ace oc oa e ac o a, oo coa cpo coo, oco ooop, oocc ooy py ac peo . a
oo oce a p pacoa “a ya”, ocoo oo o o a aa (epo ao) aoa oaa, aaa oacaa.
eo c a oc XIII ee .. a ooce o
caoac acc ooa oa, ya, ae aa. XVII ea .. a a o oocy coo
ca a, a . aco ooa co
c aa a (1215 . ..) .
. a a aac ae pec oa oa
pa; oe cocoo cooa aoeo a ooeo. o oe cooac peo cec a, aa c XIII ea, c coecyc. a aae (1322.), ao yaa (1304-1311), ee a aae (1315 .), ee a (1773 .) ac ep
oo a.
aoo a, ca o , a ce o ac, ec a “o”, oo a oao aoc peo a, a a ee a (XIV e) ee aa (1656 .) caae.
VIII- X ea ae p oco ac coca oco, ooop, oea, aop, ea peo oc oc ay o oo. ca oa, oc c po y. ac ac ae a ocy, oo, a aco ocy aya a c.
XIII - XIV ea aca ocya oa oe aooa o ope ac. aoee oyp ooa ya ac c oea cac, oa, ooo opo, oc, oea o, ooop, c aa. o ocy poo acc aae, oae.
c p a ca oy XI-XIV ea. o p cooac c o ayoa cyo, coa o cpo c a oo a oyc, a, oaa aya a aa. oee oo, y co opecoo acoo epoo cao oy oa ay oo aca. a ca aoa
oocc 1203 oy .. ae
epoo e a co opy aaa, ooca, e ooyoy opy coac c coa ae.
epo aao cooac p ac cyc. a ao ec aao, a a pea ac, oaa a caa, oaa a a yc aa.

y yoy, o c ooca e ao c
o ao oac yco aac o oa cy o aca yy. ooy a o cac oca yopo, cyo c a oya cycy ecoo o ccoa o
co cycca paco .

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